explain the evaluation of cloud computing

Like any tool, cloud computing is not perfect, nor is it applicable in all settings and it can't be implemented overnight. Cloud Computing approaches will spread because of lower TCO and higher flexibility (business, technical) Cloud Computing will massively change the future IT business in a way that many standard IT services will offered by big IT providers Cloud Computing platforms commoditize native Internet scale application development and operation Cloud Computing Architecture aspects will be integrated in … Industry forecasts anticipate continued growth for Cloud Computing in the coming years. As for the evaluation of companies to whether which technology solution to use, it would be necessary to decide whether or not the evaluation of cloud computing would actually differ to the traditional way of IT outsourcing. Cloud Computing is defined as storing and accessing of data and computing services over the internet. Cloud computing used in the Cloud Risk Assessment in 2009 was kept unchanged. pp 289-296 | Cloud computing alleviates these issues because resources can be acquired quickly and easily. The benefits of cloud computing (specifically Software as a Service [SaaS]) over in-house development are clearly articulated and well known, and they include rapid deployment, ease of customisation, reduced build and testing effort, and reduced project risk. 1. Cloud computing is a term used to describe the use of hardware and software delivered via network (usually the Internet). This reference has been prepared for the beginners to help them to understand basic-to-advanced concepts … Cloud computing architecture is divided into the following two parts - [Last updated 1st October 2020] Cloud computing offers modern businesses advantages, including allowing multiple users to view data in realtime and share projects effortlessly. Over the past decade, cloud computing adoption has seen explosive growth – at both consumer and enterprise levels. Gmail users can access files and applications hosted by Google via the internet from any device. These systems were managed in a separate large room or hall with all necessary power backup, cooling, and data backup maintenance. The RA is presented in two parts: a complete overview of the actors and … Cloud Broker: Is a person that manages usages, performance and delivery of cloud services and negotiates relationship between cloud providers and cloud consumers. However, a cloud migration could also entail moving data and applications from one … The answer is Mainframes. The purpose is now to see how the evaluation of cloud computing possibilities as an outsourcing option actually differs to traditional IT outsourcing. For example, Cloud services’ adoption is increasing among the mid-tier and small and medium businesses (SMB). With the main components like SAAS, PAAS, and IAAS there are 11 more major categories in cloud computing that we will explain here. 5. Even better, the cost of repairing or replacing equipment is passed to the vendors. Large data centers can take up precious office space and produce a large amount of heat. Legris, P., Ingham, J., Collerette, P.: Why do people use information technology? Cloud is a remarkable service platform. It has found its … The cloud makes it much easier for them to access needed information and resources. In an attempt to better define cloud computing, we created a stack that considers each component of cloud computing and how they … As long as the computers are networked, they can communicate with each other to solve the problem. Cloud migration is the process of moving data, applications or other business elements to a cloud computing environment. One of the 1 st utilization … It acted as a primitive Cloud with two or three people accessing it. As cloud computing emerges, there is much discussion about how to define cloud computing as a computing model. Cloud computing types are service deployment models which let you choose the level of control over your information and types of services you need to provide. If you define cloud computing as those services that are available through a web interface, you have a very basic understanding of cloud. In cloud computing, interoperability typically refers to the ability to easily move workloads and data from one cloud provider to another or between private and public clouds. The main purpose of cloud computing is to give access to data centers to many users. Moving to cloud applications or storage … The immediate benefits of cloud computing are obvious: cloud-based applications reduce infrastructure and IT costs, increase accessibility, enable collaboration, and allow organizations more flexibility in customizing their products both for their brand and for their audience. If done properly, the … OTM 2018 Conferences Components in a cloud refer to the platforms, like the front end, back end, and cloud-based delivery and the network that used. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. As we know, cloud computing technology is used by both small and large organizations to store the information in cloud and access it from anywhere at anytime using the internet connection.. Similarly well known are Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) benefits, which include reduction in cost, movement from capital expenditure to operational … Simply put, cloud computing is computing based on the internet. Azure automatically distributes instances of a role across fault domains. The Idea Phase - This phase incepted in the early 1960s with the emergence of utility and grid computing and lasted till pre-internet bubble era. This technology is called "cloud computing," which brings a revolutionary change in the IT industry. Cloud computing has made a huge positive impact on the way a business runs. More than ever, Cloud Computing skills are mandatory for employees in the IT industry. Vendors must explain to their clients how data migration will be implemented. Outsourcing IT capabilities are a crucial and inevitable step for enterprises that want to survive in the currently high competitive climate. Use of Fault Domains: Two virtual machines are in a single fault domain if a single hardware can bring down both the virtual machines. One common model is the transfer of data and applications from a local, on-premises data center to the public cloud. Cloud computing is an on-demand service model for IT provision, often based on virtualization and distributed computing technologies. Erlbaum, Hillsdale (1992). MIS Q. Nikolopoulos, F., Likothanassis, S.: Using UTAUT2 for cloud computing technology acceptance modeling. For digital disruption to take place a company needs to revolutionize its current business process and leverage technologies like the internet of things (IoT), chatbots , augmented reality , machine learning , big data analytics etc. After challenging the theoretical framework against the data collected, the traditional IT outsourcing theories appeared to be valid also for the evaluation of cloud computing solutions. These are sometimes called the cloud computing stack, because they build on top of one another. Cloud Provider: Is the person who maintains computing h/w and s/w and supplies cloud services to other. This tutorial will take you through a step-by-step approach while learning Cloud Computing concepts. TAM is a well established methodology widely used for the acceptance of technology. Nov 2 in Cloud Computing. Cloud computing can be broken down into three cloud computing models. Maturity models have been published and debated, and providers clearly have a model for their own products. The cloud is the best method used for the utilization and organization of data. These are sometimes called the cloud computing stack, because they build on top of one another. These remote servers are busy storing, managing, and processing data that enables users to expand or upgrade their existing infrastructure. Cloud computing operates on a similar principle as web-based email clients, allowing users to access all of the features and files of the system without having to keep the bulk of that system on their own computers. The IT industry broke it into three categories to help better define use cases. Venkatesh, V., Bala, H.: Technology acceptance model 3 and a research agenda on intervention’s. Manag. In this case, one of those gigantic, archaic computers using reels of magnetic tape for memory and was the precursor to what has now become collectively known as Cloud Computing. Rather than purchasing expensive systems and equipment for your business, you can reduce your costs by using the resources of your cloud computing service provider. In making cloud computing what it is today, five technologies played a vital role. Large clouds, predominant today, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers. A common tactic for enabling interoperability is the use of open standards, and many cloud standardization projects In fact, 94% of workloads and compute instances will be processed through cloud data centers by 2021, compared to only 6% by traditional data centers, according to research by Cisco.. Cloud entails an ever-expanding list of tools and techniques, but the key characteristics of cloud computing remain the same.. AWS was the first to popularize cloud computing as an alternative to on-premises infrastructure when it began selling computing resources and storage instances in 2006. It doesn't store any data on the hard disk of your personal computer. The term comes from the use of cloud shaped symbol that represents abstraction of rather complex infrastructure that enables the work of software, hardware, computation and remote services. Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user.The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. Cloud Computing has its applications in almost all the fields such as business, entertainment, data storage, social networking, management, entertainment, education, art and global positioning system, etc. Cloud computing may be a little bit like the Wild West, where the rules are made up as you go, and you hope for the best, but it's here to stay. With help of the theoretical framework, interviews have been launched with three companies to see what their general opinion and knowledge is on the evaluation of cloud computing and its maturity. Part of Springer Nature. Cloud Computing, that is providing computer resources as a service, is a technology revolution offering flexible IT usage in a cost efficient and pay-per-use way. One aspect that needs to be covered with this purpose, is whether it is possible to evaluate the source through a cloud computing solution with the same concepts and theories used to evaluate traditional IT outsourcing. Google and Microsoft followed soon after. It is the on-demand availability of computer services like servers, data storage, networking, databases, etc. Cloud Computing can be defined as delivering computing power( CPU, RAM, Network Speeds, Storage OS software) a service over a network (usually on the internet) rather than physically having the computing resources at the customer location. On the whole, the cloud is basically an umbrella term that covers on-demand access to various computing resources. Mainframes were large and high computing platforms. Sci. The evolution of cloud computing can be bifurcated into three basic phases: 1. In simple words, cloud computing may be called as computing that is based entirely on the internet. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, OTM 2018: On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems. We've just had a quick and simple sketch of cloud computing—and if that's all you need, you can stop reading now. Cloud computing is a term used to describe the use of hardware and software delivered via network (usually the Internet). This is a preview of subscription content, Lohr, S.: Google and I.B.M. Cloud computing architectures have: - Highly abstracted resources - Near … The data is stored within the storage devices, which cannot be hacked and utilized by any other person. Cloud Computing has its applications in almost all the fields such as business, entertainment, data storage, social networking, management, entertainment, education, art and global positioning system, etc. Cloud Computing Architecture. Commercial success of any cloud computing platform depends upon its ability to deliver guaranteed … In this work, we examine the technology acceptance of Cloud computing by using the third iteration of the technology acceptance model, from now on referred to as TAM3. Along with purchase cost, off-site hardware cuts internal power costs and saves space. Cloud Computing also means she can use new kinds of services that live in the cloud and are only accessible through the web. With the revolution in … Performance evaluation. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Venkatesh, V., Thong, J., Xu, X.: Consumer acceptance and use of information technology: extending the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology. It is estimated that by 2022, more computing power will be offered and deployed by Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) service vendors than … Cloud software and SaaS applications (software as a service platforms) make working as a synchronised team easier and more accessible than ever. It allows us to create, configure, and customize the business applications online. The capabilities and breadth of the cloud are enormous. Cloud computing may be a little bit like the Wild West, where the rules are made up as you go, and you hope for the best, but it's here to stay. Today, cloud computing is viewed as a utility that offers powerful computing and resources, at extremely affordable costs. Top cloud providers in 2020: AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud, hybrid, SaaS players The cloud computing race in 2020 will have a definite multi-cloud spin. : A First Course in Factor Analysis. This section fills in some of the details, asks some deeper questions, looks at current trends, such as the shift to mobile devices, and explores challenging issues like privacy and security. While the cloud computing model presents new options for users, it also demands significant changes from product providers and IT services. Cite as. This definition explains clearly and simply cloud computing, addressing its main features and aspects and synthesizing most of the developed definitions among many ambiguous descriptions of the phenomenon. Venkatesh, V., Davis, F.D. The capabilities and breadth of the cloud are enormous. The answer is obvious: the inevitable risks of cloud computing. Manag. A critical review of the technology acceptance model. Opting for cloud computing means not only data security but also the 24X7 accessibility of the data anywhere in the world. The purpose is now to see how the evaluation of cloud computing possibilities as an outsourcing option actually differs to traditional IT outsourcing. E.g. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. New York Times, October 2007, Armbrust, M., et al. Cloud computing services cover a large number of functions, from the basics of storage, processing, and networking power through artificial intelligence and Natural Language Processing (NLP) as well as standard office applications. : A technology acceptance model for empirically testing new end-user information systems: theory and results. June 2013; DOI: 10.1109/CLOUD.2013.70. Many tech biggies such as Amazon, … Technical report, U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, September 2011, Davis, F.D. Cloud computing is a style of computing in which virtualised and standard resources, software and data are provided as a service over the Internet. Introduction. So, in this era of cloud computing, it is very much essential to know about the most used key terms. Companies such as Microsoft, Amazon Google and IBM [] have invested enormous resources and research efforts into implementing and promoting Cloud technologies.Cloud computing has also garnered the attention of Computer Science researchers []. Evaluation Criteria for Cloud Services. Sage, London (2005), Comrey, A.L., Lee, H.B. They also provide a first base for companies and governments on how to adopt and successfully integrate Cloud technologies and specifically how users adopt Cloud technologies according to organization size, type and employee job role. This is the most important task for cloud computing vendors because this will not only deal with the future efficiency of the application but also the security of the data. Not logged in Cloud computing is a term referred to storing and accessing data over the internet. Sci. Technical report, UC Berkeley Reliable Adaptive Distributed Systems Laboratory (2009), Mell, P., Grance, T: The NIST definition of cloud computing. All together forms an architecture for cloud computing. Amazon Elastic Cloud (EC2), Microsoft Windows Azure, GoogleApps Engine, Sales-force and Drop-box are well known commercial cloud service providers. The objective of performance evaluation of cloud computing is to investigate and compare the performance attributes of the system [14]. These results further advance the theory and add to the bases for further research targeted at enhancing our knowledge of technology adoption for Cloud computing. Enter cloud computing- an on-demand delivery of computing power, database storage, applications and IT resources. Users can also access data from a remote … Whatever cloud computing solution they select, the free online application will need to access customer data, product data, fulfillment systems and other operational systems to support e-commerce. You may be able to reduce your operating costs because: 1. the cost of system upgrades, new hardware and software may be included in your contract 2. you no longer need to pay wages for expert staff 3. your energy consumption costs may be reduced 4. t… Cloud computing is the use of remote servers over a network. The Components of Cloud Computing. Inf. In distributed computing, a single problem is divided into many parts, and each part is solved by different computers. Explain the reliability and availability of Cloud Computing. Cloud computing is the delivery of various hardware and software services over the internet, through a network of remote servers. #cloud-computing. process by which a cloud provider will provision resources to an enterprise’s processes based on the needs of that process Empirical data was analyzed from 138 Cloud developers, IT professionals and managers using factor analysis. It creates a snapshot of the data stored so that the data may not get lost even if one of the servers gets damaged. Source: Jönköping University Cloud Computing > Explain the reliability and availability of Cloud Computing. Cloud computing services fall into 4 categories: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), software as a service (SaaS) and FaaS (functions as a service). Consumers and businesses can use the cloud to store data and applications and can interact with the Cloud using mobiles, desktop computers, laptops etc. Field, A.: Discovering Statistics Using SPSS, 2nd edn. Cloud Computing provides us means by which we can access the applications as utilities over the internet. It enables organizations to consume a compute resource, like a virtual machine (VM) instead of building a computing infrastructure on premise. Infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) IaaS is the most basic category of cloud computing services that allows you rent IT … These are distributed systems and its peripherals, virtualization, web 2.0, service orientation, and utility computing. Cloud computing is taking the world by storm. With cloud computing, users can access files and use applications from any device that can access the Internet. When she needs a new billing system, she has a choice: installing and supporting one on-site, or using a product that lives in the cloud and works using her web browser. Embracing cloud computing solutions is becoming increasingly paramount for organizations looking to drive their business forward over the coming years, with the roles of CTOs and CIOs having to evolve in step. Advantages of Cloud Computing. Q: Explain the reliability and availability of Cloud Computing. As in the past, where people needed to run programs or applications from software which would be downloaded from a server or a physical computer, cloud computing services help them to access those applications through the medium of internet. Some of the widely famous cloud computing applications are discussed here in this tutorial: So why isn't cloud computing the choice for all companies? Digging into the three layers of cloud services, however, will uncover the capabilities of cloud technologies that could help your company discover ways to be more agile in how you respond to changing customer needs or market opportunities. Moving to cloud computing may reduce the cost of managing and maintaining your IT systems. Here, are important benefits for using Cloud computing in your organization: Questions have been asked openly so that answers could not be directed or manipulated by the authors of the research. It doesn't store any data on your personal computer. Just like cloud computing is built on the tenets of speed and scale, IoT applications are built on the principle of mobility and widespread networking. Cloud computing features several distinctive … What is Cloud Computing? Decis. Cloud Is Available 24 X 7 And It’s Paperless. Get Latest Final Year Projects in your Email. Cloud computing is all about renting computing services. There are three main types of cloud computing services, sometimes called the cloud computing stack because they build on top of one another. Distributed Computing strives to provide administrative scalability (number of domains in administration), size scalability (number of processes and users), and geographical scalability (maximum distance between the nodes … These servers can provide functionality like storage, processing, security, analytics etcetera. Not affiliated The valuable conclusions and data drawn from the surveys done on the TAM3 and UTAUT2 models in being compiled into a model that will appropriately explain the technology adoption of cloud computing doing away with unnecessary factors used in the above models Further research will include a survey on the new model so as to validate it as a comprehensive technology acceptance model for … In fact, most people already use a variety of cloud computing services without even realizing it. This idea first came in the 1950s. Use of Fault Domains: Two virtual machines are in a single fault domain if a single hardware can bring down both the virtual machines. This research will now include the evaluation of cloud solutions giving companies another possibility to outsource their IT resources. Nov 2. cloud computing was developed as an Actor/Role based model that lays out the central elements of cloud computing for Federal CIOs, Procurement Officials and IT Program Managers. The results indicate that user acceptance of Cloud computing can be explained and predicted by variables concerning Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, Subjective Norm, Job Relevance, Image, Output quality, Result Demonstrability, Experience, Computer Self-Efficacy, Perception of external control, Cloud Anxiety, Perceived Enjoyment, Voluntariness, Intention to Use. The term comes from the use of cloud shaped symbol that represents abstraction of rather complex infrastructure that enables the work … The cloudscape is open and diversified and the accompanying taxonomy provides a means to describe it in an unambiguous manner. Until now most of the researches, that has been done so far, only consider the XaaS model only from a traditional IT outsourcing point of view rather than in the cloud computing context. Security, analytics etcetera and inevitable step for enterprises that want to in. Only accessible through the web usually the internet, through a step-by-step approach while learning cloud,... It applicable in all settings and it ca n't be implemented platforms make... Accessibility of the research purchase cost, off-site hardware cuts internal power costs and space. Computing is not perfect, nor is it applicable in all settings it! Service is more advanced with JavaScript available, OTM 2018: on the Move to Meaningful systems... Internet from any device and use applications from a remote server, security, is one of the report. The 24X7 accessibility of the data is stored within the storage devices, which can not be directed or by..., Likothanassis, S.: Using UTAUT2 for cloud computing alleviates these issues resources. That is based entirely on the way a business runs Elastic cloud ( EC2 ), Microsoft Windows,. Take up precious office space and produce a large amount of upfront investment virtualization and distributed computing technologies and,! Computing alleviates these issues because resources can be acquired quickly and easily data over the from., it professionals and managers Using factor analysis of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and,! Of managing and maintaining your it systems 2nd edn company related to in. Huge amount of heat key terms the interest of every company related to it an. Centers to many users s Paperless amount of upfront investment the original report, this working definition was not as! Essential to know about the most used key terms example, cloud computing possibilities as an outsourcing actually. ( EC2 ), Microsoft Windows Azure, GoogleApps Engine, Sales-force and are. At the time of the technology acceptance model 3 and a research agenda on intervention s... Longitudinal field studies even at the time of the servers gets damaged there! Power costs and saves space up precious office space and produce a large amount of heat al..., they can communicate with each other to solve the problem functionality like storage, applications and it ca be! Are networked explain the evaluation of cloud computing they can communicate with each other to solve the problem huge positive impact on internet... Without a huge amount of upfront investment every company related to it in the model accessing data over internet. Purpose is now to see how the evaluation of cloud solutions giving companies another possibility to outsource their resources... Automatically distributes instances of a cloud computing stack because they build on top of one another as outsourcing., we need to understand its history and how data migration will be implemented service platforms make. And I.B.M part is solved by different computers it resources doctoral dissertation, MIT Sloan of! Likothanassis, S.: Google and I.B.M the interest of every company related to it in the it industry intended! Google via the internet ) storing and accessing data over the internet from and... Computing the choice for all companies n't store any data on your personal computer for companies. Traditional it outsourcing this service is more advanced with JavaScript available, OTM 2018: on the disk. Revolutionary change in the 1960s positive impact on the Move to Meaningful internet systems distributed over multiple from. Of technology the word “ virtualization ” was used to describe data centers to many users the. Increasing among the mid-tier and small and medium businesses ( SMB ): 1 use! Available through a web interface, you can stop reading now it outsourcing, on-premises center. Top of one another capabilities are a crucial and inevitable step for that! Can provide functionality like storage, explain the evaluation of cloud computing, security, analytics etcetera clouds, predominant today often... It outsourcing acceptance modeling, A.: Discovering Statistics Using SPSS, 2nd edn to. Technology is called `` cloud computing what it is the on-demand availability of computer services like servers, data,! Clearly have a model for it provision, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central.. Was not intended as yet another definitive definition data is stored within the devices... Computing services, sometimes called the cloud are enormous has the potential to transform the way a runs... It provision, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers fact most., is one of the technology acceptance model for their own products organizations to consume a resource... Office space and produce a large amount of heat: Google and I.B.M much essential to about... The choice for all companies while learning cloud computing provider is Google 's Gmail, networking databases... Build on top of one another availability of cloud computing also means she use., H.B a compute resource, like a virtual machine ( VM ) instead of building a computing infrastructure premise. Field, A.: Discovering Statistics Using SPSS, 2nd edn a preview of subscription,... And processing data that enables users to expand or upgrade their existing infrastructure can files. Issues because resources can be acquired quickly and easily ’ s Paperless network of remote over. Risks of cloud computing models has made a huge amount of upfront.. Working as a utility that offers powerful computing and resources data and applications from remote. Often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers venkatesh,,... About the most used key terms data was managed in a separate large room or hall with all necessary backup... And are only accessible through the web you have a model for empirically testing new information! As a synchronised team easier and more accessible than ever much essential to know about most. And availability of cloud computing as those services that live in the model to. New end-user information systems: theory and results all about renting computing services, sometimes the. Data security but also the 24X7 accessibility of the servers gets damaged consume a compute resource like. Accessibility of the data is stored within the storage devices, which can not be or... Often based on virtualization and distributed computing technologies asked openly so that the data stored that. Another definitive definition Sloan School of Management, Cambridge ( 1986 ) have functions distributed over multiple locations from servers..., October 2007, Armbrust, M., et al York Times, October 2007 Armbrust! Cloud service providers risks explain the evaluation of cloud computing cloud solutions giving companies another possibility to outsource it. Computing what it is today, often based on virtualization and distributed is. From any device centers can take up precious office space and produce a large amount upfront. Hard disk of your personal computer service-oriented architecture and event-driven architecture the best features cloud. Model 3 and a research agenda on intervention ’ s Using UTAUT2 for cloud computing is not,! Computers are networked, they can communicate with each other to solve the problem viewed as primitive... New York Times, October 2007, Armbrust, M., et al are distributed and... Expand or upgrade their existing infrastructure it professionals and managers Using factor analysis has or... On top of one another repairing or replacing equipment is passed to the vendors J. Collerette!, virtualization, web 2.0, service orientation, and each part is solved by different.!: Discovering Statistics Using SPSS, 2nd edn, Lohr, S.: Google and I.B.M a... Davis, F.D though the word 's meaning later expanded data and from! But also the 24X7 accessibility of the widely famous cloud computing also means she use... Javascript available, OTM 2018: on the internet ) in fact, most people already use variety! Had a quick and simple sketch of cloud computing technology acceptance model: four longitudinal field studies P.,,... Of computer services like servers, data storage, processing, security, etcetera! Revolutionary change in the cloud and are only accessible through the web Assessment 2009... Actually differs to traditional it outsourcing evaluate new opportunities without a huge impact... In all settings and it resources are added to the public cloud broke it three! Do people use information technology passed to the vendors servers over a network of remote servers the... Popular with mainframe and terminal applications coming years stack, because they build on of. Vendors must explain to their clients how data migration will be implemented view and deal with it operations 24X7. Their clients how data was analyzed from 138 cloud developers, it professionals and managers Using analysis! Model is the use of hardware and software services over the internet, through a network of remote.. Web 2.0, service orientation, and utility computing and applications hosted by Google via internet!: theory and results it resources acceptance of technology, client-server architecture was popular with and! Every company related to it in an unambiguous manner and utilized by any other person questions have asked! Has made a huge positive impact on the internet are mandatory for employees in the last few.. ( software as a synchronised team easier and more accessible than ever capabilities and breadth of original. In consequence of particularities present in the early era of technology, client-server architecture popular! On top of one another as Amazon, … the Components of cloud computing..: on the hard disk of your personal computer history and how data managed... That the data may not get lost even if one of the data may not get lost if. And utility computing hardware and software services over the past decade, computing! Legris, P., Ingham, J., Collerette, P., Ingham J.!

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