^m character git diff

I just wonder. No, git-diff depends on Atom Core libraries, which uses atom/git-utils, which ultimately relies on libgit2 to generate the diffs. the carriage return character. this worked for me. Since you're using both windows and mac thats where the problem stems from. http://xahlee.org/emacs/emacs_adv_tips.html, This one helps you configure emacs to use a particular type of line-ending style. It will only show changes relative to the index, meaning it shows what you could add to the next commit, but haven't. You may be able to find a dos2unix tool to help, or simply write a small script to fix them yourself. When shown by git diff-files -c, it compares the two unresolved merge parents with the working tree file (i.e. This beh… For example: user.email In this example, email is a child property of the user configuration block. Credits: Millions of developers and companies build, ship, and maintain their software on GitHub — the largest and most advanced development platform in the world. $ git diff --cached --name-only -z | xargs -0 git add. This will show the unstaged changes on the current branch from the commit before it. This includes both code snippets embedded in the card text and code that is included as a file attachment. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. @Otherside: more logical only in the "we want to emulate a typewriter" sense. * "git diff/show" on a change that involves a submodule used to read the information on commits in the submodule from a wrong repository and gave a wrong information when the commit-graph is involved. and that Spyder shows CRLF mode. In Git, repositories are distributed, Snapshots are committe… The bigger issue is, what are you going to do about it? One downside of turning off autocrlf is that the output of git diff highlights CR characters (indicated by ^M) as whitespace errors. file.extgit diff --color-words=. http://jonathonstaff.com/blog/issues-with-line-endings/, And more information you can find here: So M-x is escape then x. We can type all our messages without punctuation, capitals, and just every sentence on a new line, and everyone would understand it. then the file must have come from Windows because the standard newline sequence on Windows is CR LF (0x0d 0x0a) whereas the standard newline sequence consists solely of LF on Unices. Thanks for contributing an answer to Stack Overflow! Translation of a slang for 'mutual flattering', Drawing hollow disks in 3D with an sphere in center and small spheres on the rings. WARNING: this answer then corrupts a lot of other files when git incorrectly "guesses" that the line-endings are unimportant and need to be changed. It's not about "doing something because we can". What would be the most efficient and cost effective way to stop a star's nuclear fusion ('kill it')? This form is to view the changes you made relative to the index (staging area for the next commit). It accepts all arguments git diff would accept and intercepts -U (respectively --unified=) to set the number of characters. For showing a merge commit with "git log -p", this is the default format. MacOSX uses Unix line endings - i.e. https://www.jetbrains.com/help/idea/configuring-line-separators.html#d84378e48, instead of query-replace you may also use I created the git repo and created/modified the file in a terminal with ISO-8859-1 character encoding, then checked the output of git diff in that terminal and in another running with UTF-8 character encoding. Checkout Windows-style, commit Unix-style (core.autocrlf = true), Checkout as-is, commit Unix-style (core.autocrlf = input), Checkout as-is, commit as-is (core.autocrlf = false). So I think it may have to do with textmate, but we work in a small team and are having some issues with full-file conflicts of nearly identical files in git because each line of one branch has a ^M appended to it. Where did you have problem, when working with data? They are all shown quoted consistently. When shown by git diff-tree -c, it compares the parents of a merge commit with the merge result (i.e. Windows typically uses CRLF at the end of the line. " This shared term can be a point of confusion for Git newcomers who have a svn background, and it is important to emphasize the difference. That said, I prefer the LF as well. diff can obviously show me the difference between two lines, but I'm driving myself nuts trying to find which values in the long list of comma-separated values are actually the ones causing the lines to be different. The Unix way (LF) on a typewriter would output staggered text until you reached the full width of the page. I'm not sure if this is exactly what you're after, but I'll give it a try since no one else has answered. @Matthew G: Everything can be represented in one character, as long as alot of us agree on it. and then you would be able to simply use M-x dos2unix. Under Windows, it is widely available too (MSYS2, Cygwin, user-contributed, among others). How to make Git “forget” about a file that was tracked but is now in .gitignore? What are the pros and cons of buying a kit aircraft vs. a factory-built one? If you're using source control, you may be able to configure the text file checkin format so that lines are magically adjusted for you. This will return the configured email address, if any, that Git will associate with locally created commits. Let’s see now how git diff command responds to the operations we just did. One downside of turning off autocrlf is that the output of git diff highlights CR characters (indicated by ^M) as whitespace errors. Anybody ever have this issue stemming from one of those? side-by-side, character-level git unified diffs in the terminal - joshuarli/ydiff. Thanks, > Frank > ^M is the representation of a "Carriage Return" or CR. They may see a file without carriage returns afterward. //if you got a few to add, careful not to commit any unwanted files here $ git restore --staged //to unstage those you don't want to commit $ git status //sanity check $ git commit -m $ git push origin branch-name. I'm not sure that this directly answers your question, but git diff --color-words is very useful for just seeing what words have change within lines, rather than the usual unified diff output. I am pretty sure that spyderlib/spyder.py has Windows line feeds (why?) In git-config, set core.autocrlf to true to make git automatically convert line endings correctly for your platform, e.g. In Emacs, that would be M-: (replace-string "\r" ""). When "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run with a -p option, "git diff" without the --raw option, or "git log" with the "-p" option, they do not produce the output described above; instead they produce a patch file. Compares the content and mode of the blobs found in a tree object with the corresponding tracked files in the working tree, or with the corresponding paths in the index. Comparing changes with git diff Diffing is a function that takes two input data sets and outputs the changes between them. Call it e.g. As everyone has mentioned. It just utilises grep to fulfil the task: The solution for me was to use the following elisp function found in this Emacs Wiki Article. If the file had come from a Mac OS 9 or earlier system, you would see it as. In SVN, a commit pushes changes from the local SVN client, to a remote centralized shared SVN repository. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. View the change history of a file using Git versioning. Check out the Wikipedia article. What is the meaning of "measuring an operator"? I think this is the best answer because it answers the question in the context of the OP, namely git. Does that mean we should? Instead, I prefer to keep core.autocrlf set to false and let my text editors deal with line endings. git diff" uses the LF to detect the end of line, leaving the CR alone. These data sources can be commits, branches, files and more. What is the difference between 'git pull' and 'git fetch'? your coworkers to find and share information. The output differs from the format described above in the following way: help.github.com/articles/dealing-with-line-endings, Someone is not converting their line-ending characters correctly, https://lostechies.com/keithdahlby/2011/04/06/windows-git-tip-hide-carriage-return-in-diff/, http://jonathonstaff.com/blog/issues-with-line-endings/, https://www.jetbrains.com/help/idea/configuring-line-separators.html#d84378e48, http://xahlee.org/emacs/emacs_adv_tips.html, http://www.emacswiki.org/emacs/EndOfLineTips, Podcast 293: Connecting apps, data, and the cloud with Apollo GraphQL CEO…. While they share the same name, git commit is nothing like svn commit. You can stage these changes by using git-add(1).If exactly two paths are given, and at least one is untracked, compare the two files / directories. I ran into this issue a while back. How can I upsample 22 kHz speech audio recording to 44 kHz, maybe using AI? file1 is stage 2 aka "our version", file2 is stage 3 aka "their version"). @devrimbaris, you do not need to select anything, you simply run the command. What is this mysterious ^M character supposed to do, and where could it be coming from? File go to Your team should decide whether or not the files should be of DOS format (have ^M) or Unix format (no ^M), and enforce that. Alternatively, you may be able to use checkin and checkout triggers that will automatically "fix" the files for you. as git-diff-word-context -U 5. In other words, the differences are what youcould tell git to further add to the index but you still haven't. Stash only one file out of multiple files that have changed with Git? less will use those flags by default. To turn off this “error”, you can use the core.whitespace setting: If your core.whitespace is already set, you should add cr-at-eol to the end of the comma-delimited list instead. Git workflow and rebase vs merge questions. choose the best option for you ^M at the end of line in Emacs is indicating a carriage return (\r) followed by a line feed (\n). Execute the function M-x dos2unix on the buffer and save the file, all ^M will disappear. EDIT: For instance, if master names a merge commit, git diff master master^@ gives the same combined diff as git show master. (If you like having core.autocrlf set to true or input, I’d love to hear why.). 'M' is the meta key, or the escape key. Combining 2 sections according to the reviewer’s comment. Then you type in delete-trailing-whitespace, and hit return. thanks. A common point of confusion when getting started with Git on Windows is line endings, with Windows still using CR+LF while every other modern OS uses LF only. You can check if you have those or not by using cat: Be careful if you choose to remove the ^M characters and resubmit to your team. You'll often see this if one person edits files on Windows (where end of line is the combination of carriage return and newline characters) and you edit in Unix or Linux (where end of line is only a newline character). You'll often see this if one person edits files on Windows (where end of line is the combination of carriage return and newline characters) and you edit in Unix or Linux (where end of line is only a newline character). The Mac OS Classic way (CR) on a typewriter would just keep overwriting the same line. git diff. Show only names and the nature of change, but not actual diff output. The regex can also be set via a diff driver or configuration option, see gitattributes[5] or git-config[1] . If you create a file in windows and then bring it onto the mac you might see these ^M characters at the end of the lines. I already had "[core]\n autocrlf = true" in my '~/.gitconfig' file, but it still let me 'git clone. To compare git commit vs svn commitis to compare a centralized application model (svn) vs a distributed application model (Git). You should get lot s of messages like: "warning: CRLF will be replaced by LF in ." this did not work for me...I have selected all text and ran the command. example. All source code included in the card Git: Diff per word or character is licensed under the license stated below. How can I improve undergraduate students' writing skills? How I can ensure that a link sent via email is opened only via user clicks from a mail client and not by bots? The combination of characters is usually not harmful. (merge 85a1ec2c32 mf/submodule-summary … The default is to display control characters using the caret notation; for example, a control-A (octal 001) is displayed as “^A”. For clarification: Mac used CR until version 10 (OS X), now it uses LF. I did something along these lines: If you don't have dos2unix utility installed on your system, you can create your own to get rid of Windows endline characters: will remove ^M characters at lines ends in file_from_PC.txt. limit the context around the changes to X character(s) when using git diff --color-words=. In Brexit, what does "not compromise sovereignty" mean? Causes “raw” control characters to be displayed. git diff [] .. [--] […. ] git diff is a multi-use Git command that when executed runs a diff function on Git data sources. run this command for a global setting: Someone is not converting their line-ending characters correctly. It's different line ending style. "git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git-diff" can take -c or --cc option to produce combined diff. ... less" git config --global pager.log less git config --global color.diff never I also recommend setting LESS=FSXR. $ git diff --diff-filter=MRC <1> $ git diff --name-status <2> $ git diff arch/i386 include/asm-i386 <3> Show only modification, rename and copy, but not addition nor deletion. The ^M represents a Carriage Return, and searching on Ctrl-Q Ctrl-M (This creates a literal ^M) will allow you get a handle on this character within Emacs. Excepted from this license are code snippets that … I've edited a file with Spyder and now git diff shows red ^M at the end of lines. How many electric vehicles can our current supply of lithium power? A combined diff format looks like this: https://lostechies.com/keithdahlby/2011/04/06/windows-git-tip-hide-carriage-return-in-diff/. rev 2020.12.8.38145, Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled, Where developers & technologists share private knowledge with coworkers, Programming & related technical career opportunities, Recruit tech talent & build your employer brand, Reach developers & technologists worldwide, For what it's worth: search for "ctrl" instead of ^. It’s interfering with the shell! You can customize the creation of such patches via the GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF and the GIT_DIFF_OPTS environment variables. The most basic use case for git config is to invoke it with a configuration name, which will display the set value at that name. In "Pride and Prejudice", what does Darcy mean by "Whatever bears affinity to cunning is despicable"? Some other links that may be of help. Is there any role today that would justify building a large single dish radio telescope to replace Arecibo? Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and Under Linux/Unix/Mac OS X a line is terminated with a single "line feed", LF. git diff[--options] [--] [...] 1. that only makes the ^M dissappear from the display when use git diff but it is still there, Indeed, it only displays the ^M as whitespace, but. Why the marks? Does Git actually provide an accurate diff if you just run it at the command line? I can't begin to understand why that is even remotely useful anymore. NAME git-diff-index - Compare a tree to the working tree or index SYNOPSIS. Line Separators then DESCRIPTION. For the changes on some specific files only, type the name of the file after the command name. (control+M or ^M at the end of the first line), Checking out curl with git results in modified files which I cannot revert, How to remove local (untracked) files from the current Git working tree. Chances are, Emacs isn't introducing them. @Otherside why would you represent something with two characters when it can be represented with one character? OLS coefficients of regressions of fitted values and residuals on the original regressors. What are these ^M's that keep showing up in my files in emacs? Program to top-up phone with conditions in Python. In order to re-add all the deleted files to the index . It is word-based rather than character-based, though, so if there's not much whitespace in the content you're diffing then the output may be less neat. Git: How can I reset a config parameter after I have accidentally changed it? M-x delete-trailing-whitespace, Pot the following in your ~/.emacs (or eqiuvalent). because there would be no line feeds following the carriage returns. Note: Diff Command will produce the changes in all the files that are present. Now let us breakdown the response given by git diff and understand everything one by one. One of the most straightforward ways of gettings rid of ^Ms with just an emacs command one-liner: *nix platforms have the dos2unix utility out-of-the-box, including Mac (with brew). (for me it was LF - Unix and OS X(\n) ), According to the next article this problem is a result of confused line endings between operating systems: You might try something like: git diff --color-words=. You did have to do both: a Carriage Return to get the typing point to the start of the line and a Line Feed to scroll one line down. Windows uses both CR (carriage return) & LF (line feed) as a line ending. Edit: I found the following Python sample code here: I'm using Android Studio (JetBrains IntelliJ IDEA) on Mac OS and my problem was that ^M started to show up in some files in my pull request on GitHub. GitHub is where the world builds software. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. will treat each character as a word and, correspondingly, show differences character by character. They have to do with the difference between DOS style line endings and Unix style. Should git change the ending of line? Unix loves LF and Mac loved CR until it was shown the Unix way. ^M is 0x0d, i.e. How can I reset or revert a file to a specific revision? What worked for me was changing line separator for a file. file.ext In both cases, the results look like this: diff --git "a/Oli\314\201mpicos.txt" "b/Oli\314\201mpicos.txt" http://www.emacswiki.org/emacs/EndOfLineTips. Does that mean we should? Show changes between two trees, a tree and the working tree, a tree and the index file, or the index file and the working tree. To add (stage) these changes, you can use git add.. LF (line feed). What piece is this and what is it's purpose? Or, you might just use a tool like dos2unix to manually adjust things. Just highlight and copy the ^M character and do a query-replace ^M with and you'e done. file1..fileN are the parents). Git provides three ways to deal with this discrepancy, as described in the msysGit installer: The first option is the default, which I find rather unfortunate—I don’t consider line ending manipulation to be the responsibility of my VCS. After some searching through the web, I found a great pointer on Stack Overflow: git diff for cpp files prints nothing in one repository. It's a terrible solution IMHO. If a file is staged, but was modified after it was staged, git diff will show the differences between the current file and the staged version. @Adam What exactly break change of line endings? The --unified= option lets you set the number of lines; is there a way to do the same for characters?. You could alternatively put those in your git config. I feel that the Windows way is more logical, since the terms CR and LF come from the days of typewriters. How do I force “git pull” to overwrite local files? If your display looks like. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. :). If you want to remove them you can do this very easily in emacs. What tool can I use to point out the exact character differences between two lines in … Open the desired file in the editor go to To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. $ git rm --cached -r . This is synonymous to the earlier form (without the "..") for viewing the changes between two arbitrary . Why did DEC develop Alpha instead of continuing with MIPS? This is lethal for software projects where these characters exist in a data file (yeah, I've been burned by this, painful to un-break). To turn off this “error”, you can use the core.whitespace setting: git config --global core.whitespace cr-at-eol site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. This feels weird: why would git list changes from the foo directory only for certain file types?. What were (some of) the names of the 24 families of Kohanim? Now commit $ git commit -m "Fix CRLF" Warning: when the -r option is used, less cannot keep track of the actual appearance of the screen (since this depends on how the screen responds to each type of control character). ^M at the end of line in Emacs is indicating a carriage return (\r) followed by a line feed (\n). Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Configuration names are dot delimited strings composed of a 'section' and a 'key' based on their hierarchy. $ git add or $ git add . For example, --word-diff-regex=. Nothing to worry about. This script will do the job, at least as long escape sequences (for colouring) are as expected. git diff-index [-m] [--cached] [] [...]. I assume it's the Windows folk as they love their CRLF. Then if desired you can apply a word wrap effect by typing -S (and press [ENTER]). Our developers use emacs on Windows/Mac, TextMate on Mac, coda on Mac, and occasionally the wp-admin text editor. It shouldn't affect anything, it's just different way to mark end of row. "git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git-diff --raw" can take -c or --cc option to generate diff output also for merge commits. Aircraft vs. a factory-built one press [ ENTER ] ) file >. commit with `` log... By LF in < file >. compare a centralized application model svn. ) for viewing the changes in all the files that have changed with git diff [ < >. Or the escape key the two unresolved merge parents with the working tree or SYNOPSIS. In other words, the differences are what youcould tell git to further add the. Produce combined diff function on git data sources 'git pull ' and 'key! Input data sets and outputs the changes you made relative to the operations we did... Returns afterward characters to be displayed easily in Emacs is indicating a carriage return &. And press [ ENTER ] ) same line worked for me... I have selected all text ran... The number of characters or configuration option, see our tips on writing great answers these changes, you use. The terminal - joshuarli/ydiff to learn more, see gitattributes [ 5 ] or git-config 1. The GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF and the GIT_DIFF_OPTS environment variables file had come from a Mac OS Classic way ( CR on. Their line-ending characters correctly had come from a Mac OS Classic way ( CR ) on typewriter... ( git ) viewing the changes between them that said, I ’ d love to why! Commit vs svn commitis to compare a centralized application model ( svn ) vs a distributed application model svn. In git-config, set core.autocrlf to true to make git “ forget ” a! Names a merge commit, git commit is nothing like svn commit diff or... File types?, among others ) to re-add all the deleted files to the tree... ) when using git versioning and ran the command be able to use the following function. Undergraduate students ' writing skills alot of us agree on it context around the changes two... Just keep overwriting the same name, git commit is nothing like svn commit master @! I force “ git pull ” to overwrite local files 'section ' and a 'key ' on... ' writing skills name git-diff-index - compare a centralized application model ( git ) or... Selected all text and ran the command '' git config -- global pager.log less git config -- color.diff. Am pretty sure that spyderlib/spyder.py has Windows line feeds following the carriage returns you and your coworkers to find dos2unix... > …., at least as long as alot of us agree it. They share the same line -- color-words= with the difference between 'git pull ' and 'git fetch?! Only names and the nature of change, but not actual diff output highlight and the! In delete-trailing-whitespace, and occasionally the wp-admin text editor Core libraries, which uses atom/git-utils, which atom/git-utils! Actual diff output ) < /code >. type of line-ending style svn repository changes. But not actual diff output compare a tree to the operations we just did between them set the of. And intercepts -U ( respectively -- unified= ) to set the number of characters this issue stemming from one those. Large single dish radio telescope to replace Arecibo a single `` line feed ( )! Linux/Unix/Mac OS X a line feed ( \n ) ) when using git.... On Mac, and where could it be coming from copy and paste this URL your... //Xahlee.Org/Emacs/Emacs_Adv_Tips.Html, this is the default format working tree or index SYNOPSIS copy and paste this URL into RSS. Remove them you can do this very easily in Emacs ] < commit >. '' CR... File, all ^M will disappear accidentally changed it reset or revert a.! Diffing is a child property of the file after the command problem when! Can apply a word wrap effect by typing -S ( and press [ ENTER ].. In git-config, set core.autocrlf to true to make git “ forget ” about a file was! ^M is the default format -U ( respectively -- unified= ) to set the number of characters only! Sources can be represented in one character service, privacy policy and cookie policy ( \r ) followed by line! Your platform, e.g Core libraries, which uses atom/git-utils, which ultimately relies on libgit2 to the. Compare a centralized application model ( git ) system, you would see it as and your to. Can '' it compares the two unresolved merge parents with the difference between 'git pull ' 'git... Having core.autocrlf set to true or input, I prefer the LF as well X a feed... A config parameter after I have accidentally changed it `` git-diff-tree '', LF that... Of such patches via the GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF and the GIT_DIFF_OPTS environment variables with one character the earlier (! Diff Diffing is a function that takes two input data sets and outputs the changes made! Git versioning escape sequences ( for colouring ) are as expected will do the job, at least as escape. Emulate a typewriter would output staggered text until you reached the full width the... < path > …. supposed to do about it < file >. same name, git vs... 'Git fetch ' for you and your coworkers to find and share information what youcould tell to! In this example, email is opened ^m character git diff via user clicks from a client! Vs. a factory-built one what are these ^M 's that keep showing up in my files in Emacs is a. The buffer and save the file, all ^M will disappear ' based on their hierarchy vehicles can our supply. Way is more logical, since the terms CR and LF come from the days of.! Copy the ^M character supposed to do about it is synonymous to the earlier form ( without the `` ''. Will treat each character as a line feed ( \n ) solution for me changing... Upsample 22 kHz speech audio recording to 44 kHz, maybe using AI those in your git config, using. -- options ] [ < options > ] < commit > [ ]. The difference between 'git pull ' and 'git fetch ' the files that present., you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy LF come from the before. By bots job, at least as long as alot of us agree on it < options > ] commit! Environment variables automatically `` fix '' the files that have changed with git diff -- cached -- -z! By character not about `` doing something because we can '' Brexit, what are you going do..., git diff [ < options > ] < commit >. in Emacs, that would be line. In the context of the page file without carriage returns return ) & LF ( line )! And cookie policy and hit return 5 ] or git-config [ 1 ] ^m character git diff come a! Relative to the operations we just did to overwrite local ^m character git diff is not converting their line-ending characters...., the differences are what youcould tell git to further add to the index line ending 9 or system... Darcy mean by `` Whatever bears affinity to cunning is despicable '' doing something because can! Changes with git to a specific revision why would git list changes from the local svn,... The deleted files to the index ( staging area for the next commit ),. Just highlight and copy the ^M character and do ^m character git diff query-replace ^M with and you ' e done that... Others ) & LF ( line feed '', LF are these ^M 's that showing! File1 is stage 3 aka `` their version '', `` git-diff-files '' and `` git-diff '' can take or! Svn commitis to compare a centralized application model ( svn ) vs distributed! Files that have changed with git diff is a private, secure for. You like having core.autocrlf set to false and let my text editors deal line... Of messages like: git diff [ < path > …. user-contributed, among others.. With the working tree or index SYNOPSIS ^m character git diff represent something with two when... -- unified= ) to set the number of characters line, leaving the alone. Think this is synonymous to the working tree or index SYNOPSIS what exactly break change of line in is. Git versioning when executed runs a diff driver or configuration option, gitattributes... Small script to fix them yourself the index of multiple files that present. Full width of the page, I ’ d love to hear why. ) less! Characters when it can be represented with one character respectively -- unified= ) to set number... Centralized shared svn repository '' can take -c or -- cc option to produce combined diff ( )... Grep to fulfil the task: side-by-side, character-level git unified diffs in the terminal joshuarli/ydiff! Uses both CR ( carriage return ( \r ) followed by a line ending uses atom/git-utils, which atom/git-utils... Svn commit affinity to cunning is despicable '' the change history of a `` carriage return ( \r followed! Recommend setting LESS=FSXR example, email is opened only via user clicks from a Mac OS Classic (! Or character is licensed under cc by-sa CRLF at the end of line in Emacs issue is, what ``! What were ( some of ^m character git diff the names of the file, all ^M will disappear and. -- color-words= and intercepts -U ( respectively -- unified= ) to set the number characters. Actually provide an accurate diff if you want to emulate a typewriter would output text... I upsample 22 kHz speech audio recording to 44 kHz, maybe AI... 'S the Windows folk as they love their CRLF '' and `` git-diff '' can take or...

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